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Posted 07/06/2019 in Category 1

Caring for disoriented patient with Dementia. Useful tips.


Caring for disoriented patient with Dementia. Useful tips.

Caring for a person with Dementia is a very sensitive topic for a lot of caregivers and family members. Person with Dementia requires an utmost attention, due to often experiencing great difficulties with expressing even simple needs. Forgetfulness and confusion are common symptoms of Dementia as well as short term memory problems. People with such diagnosis have a tendency not to remember what has happened 5 minutes back, but remember clearly episodes occurred decades ago. 

There are two useful techniques Orientation and Validation + Redirection that help caregiver to assist disoriented  patient  and that allow patient to feel heard and loved: 

1. Orientation  is the technique used to reorient person to current, place, time, and situation. For instance patient is disoriented to time and place telling a caregiver an unrealistic situation which patient believes is real. Caregiver using Orientation technique describing the patient a real  surrounding in simple very basic phrases, such as where the patient is now, introduce self to the patient, if patient has a difficulty recognizing caregiver, and explain current situation in  simple words. 

2. Validation + Redirection is used in more advanced stages of Dementia, when consumer is constantly disoriented, and  attempts to reorient the consumer triggers agitation and argumentative behavior. Validation is when the caregiver agrees to the the person, trying not to exacerbate patient`s frustration even though patient`s beliefs are not true.  Second step is to switch patient`s attention to activities that patient enjoys, such as favorite TV show, book.

Every person is unique. Effective communication and listening with empathy builds patient-caregiver relations and gives the patient an opportunity to feel respected and treated with dignity.

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