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Diabetes Mellitus, Complications Involving Kidneys and Eyes


Diabetes Mellitus, Complications Involving Kidneys and Eyes

The Carbohydrates are broken down into simple, smaller sugar molecules in our digestive tract. The absorption of these compounds causes an elevation of the blood glucose levels.  The elevated blood glucose levels can be dangerous; this is why our body is gifted by nature with the mechanism to keep this from happening. It does so by secretion of a chemical substance called insulin from a specialized gland in our body called pancreas. This is where the problem lies in the case of diabetics. They are unable to produce an adequate amount of insulin, resulting in an abnormal elevation of the blood glucose levels, and thus the symptoms of DM.

Long-term Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

The underlying mechanism responsible for the long-term complications occurring in the settings of DM is damage to the blood vessels, and depending upon the size of the vessel involved these complications can be divided into two types.

  • Complications occurring secondary to damage to small blood vessels: They include damage to nerves, eyes, and kidneys.
  • Complications occurring secondary to damage to large blood vessels: They include conditions such as myocardial infarction or heart attack and peripheral vascular disease.

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus Involving Kidneys

  • It is estimated that Diabetes Mellitus is the number one cause of end-stage kidney diseases and thus dialysis in the western world in general and the United States in particular.
  • The main purpose of our kidneys is to filter the waste products from the blood so that we can get rid of these harmful substances. To do this kidneys filter the blood via very tiny, minute small blood vessels. These vessels become damaged in the settings of Diabetes Mellitus, thereby interfering with the whole filtration function of the kidneys.
  • The elevated blood glucose levels seen in the settings of Diabetes Mellitus are found to be responsible for the damage to the kidneys; however, how exactly it does so is poorly understood at the moment.
  • Normally the urine produced is free of any proteins. Any damage to the kidneys results in leakage of proteins in the urine. Initially, the quantity is minute however, if the patient has had an uncontrolled DM, the number of proteins in the urine could be high. Thus to check out the functional status of a diabetic patient a doctor may advise off and on examination of urine.
  • The risk of developing damage to the kidneys is markedly elevated in patients who smoke or have high blood pressure and high blood lipid levels.

Read more info: https://www.centurymedicaldental.com/diabetes-mellitus-complications-involving-kidneys-and-eyes/ 

Century Medical & Dental Center

200 Livingston Street,

Brooklyn, NY 11201

(718) 522-3399

https://www.centurymedicaldental.com

Century Medical & Dental Center

770 Flatbush Ave,

Brooklyn, NY 11226

(347) 627-3988

https://www.centurymedicaldental.com

Century Medical & Dental Center

260 Ave X,

Brooklyn, NY 11223

(718) 336-8855

https://www.centurymedicaldental.com


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