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Posted 08/03/2019 in Category 1

Caring for People with Diabetes

Caring for People with Diabetes

You may be asking yourself, what's the big deal is with diabetes. All over the world, Diabetes is considered to be one of the most major conditions that people have to deal with. In the United States alone, there is in excess of a hundred million adults that currently live with prediabetes or diabetes according to a report done by the CDC (Center for Disease Control). At the time of the poll, almost nine and a half percent of the population in the U.S. had diabetes. While many of you may have heard of diabetes, you may not know exactly want diabetes is. Many people don’t realize that there are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes has been and still is often referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. This type of diabetes requires the person to be dependent on insulin. Type 1 is caused by the pancreas producing too little insulin or not producing insulin at all. Insulin is a hormone that allows your blood cells to use sugar so that your body can produce energy. There are several different factors with this type of diabetes, genetics can play a large role, but so can certain types of viruses. 

While type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed in adults it is typically found in younger individuals hence the term adolescent diabetes. Managing your treatment is important with this type of diabetes because blood sugar levels will be affected greatly with insulin. Complications can be prevented with proper treatment and changes in lifestyle and diet.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 has been and still is often referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes. This type of diabetes is a chronic condition that will affect your body's ability to control the levels of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes can cause multiple changes in organs and affect the way the body produces hormones. These changes over time can lead to high glucose levels. These high levels are due to one of two reasons, either your body is producing too little insulin or it is not responding the way it should to the insulin that it produces. 

In either case, it causes high blood sugars to occur as part of the condition. However, insulin is not the only hormone that can be affected by diabetes. There are several hormones in the body that can malfunction with this type of diabetes and over time, if left untreated, the sugar levels will get worse because your body recirculates the blood. 

Whichever type of diabetes you have, there are a few things that you can do to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including the following:

Make a Commitment

Your primary care team can set up classes so that you can learn the ins’ and outs’ of diabetes regardless of what type you have. Knowing the disease can be an important aspect of being able to successfully survive it. This knowledge can allow you to alter your lifestyle and make sure that you get a proper amount of activity in your daily routine. Also eating right and making sure that you keep a healthy weight can be very beneficial to you.

Stop Smoking

Smoking with diabetes can amplify the risk factors that normally occur with smoking. There's a greater risk of complications from diabetes when a person with diabetes smokes. 

These complications can include the following:

  • Kidney disease
  • Eye disease
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Reduced blood flow to your limbs
  • Nerve damage
  • Premature death

If you need help to quit smoking, speak with your doctor immediately and they should be able to aid you with the process.

Monitor Blood Pressure/Cholesterol

Monitoring your blood pressure and cholesterol when you have diabetes is important because they can do damage to the body by themselves. But, if you bring diabetes into the mix, then the damage can hasten.

Regular Physicals and Eye Exams

Be sure to see your doctor for regular physicals and schedule at least one eye exam a year to check for any eye complications that can be caused by diabetes.

Make Sure Vaccines Are Up to Date

If you have diabetes, you're more susceptible to certain illnesses. This is why it's important to keep your yearly vaccines up to date. 

Take Care of Your Teeth

With diabetes, you are more susceptible to getting gum infections. Brushing your teeth twice a day using fluoride toothpaste is a necessity. Also, don't forget about flossing.

Take Care of Your Feet

Diabetes can lead to many problems with your feet, so you should check them daily for sores, blisters, redness, calluses, or swelling. Make sure to keep your feet clean so that they're less susceptible to problems.

Consider a Daily Aspirin

Speak with your doctor about taking a low dose of aspirin every day. This one little pill can help reduce risk factors associated with diabetes and in addition, can help with certain cardiovascular problems.

What Types of Home Care is Available for Diabetes Patients? 

If your condition worsens, there are several different options for home care that can be secured depending upon your financial situation. If you're looking to use a privately hired company, independent providers can set up a range of services including homemakers, companions, therapists, and nurses. There are also employment agencies out there that will set you up with aides and nurses, but most of the time they are not regulated or licensed.

Private duty and staffing agencies will set you up with licensed professionals that must meet all regulatory compliance in the state that they operate in. Home care agencies are usually Medicare-certified and must meet federal guidelines for patient management and care. Home care aide and Homemaker agencies can set you up with In-Home Care and are normally licensed by the state.

In Conclusion

Diabetes can often be controlled so that you can lead a relatively normal life. However, if your diabetes does result in the complications and you need In-Home Care, check with medical services in your area so that you can get the type of care needed. For more information on the types of care that you're eligible for, speak with Medicaid/Medicare or visit the website at https://www.medicare.gov for a better understanding of the services.


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